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Bony Thorax References

1. Balcik BJ, Monseau AJ, Krantz W. Evaluation and treatment of sternoclavicular, clavicular, and acromioclavicular injuries. Prim Care. 2013 Dec;40(4):911-23.

2. Bjoernsen LP, Ebinger A. Shoulder and Humerus Injuries. Tintinalli’s Emergency Medicine. 8th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2016.

3. Morell DJ, Thyagarajan DS. Sternoclavicular joint dislocation and its management: A review of the literature. World J Orthop. 2016;7(4):244-250.

4. Roepke C, et al. Chest Pain Bounce-Back: Posterior Sternoclavicular Dislocation. Annals of Emergency Medicine. 2015; 66(5): 559-561.

5. Thurston M, Jones J, et al. Sternoclavicular joint dislocation. Accessed February 2021. Available from